Official aid data through 2008 has now been published by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Full tables are available on www.oecd.org/dac/stats and I have extracted some data for Mozambique, which is attached in an Excel file.
In 2008 aid to Mozambique finally exceeded the post-war peak. In real terms (that is, excluding debt relief and in constant 2007 US$ to account for inflation), aid to Mozambique peaked in 1992 at $1.8 billion, then fell by more than a third to $1.1 bn in 1996 and stayed near that level for the next five years. Aid rose from $1.3 bn in 2003 to $1.8 bn (the 1992 level) in 2007 and up to $1.9 bn in 2008.
The five year rise in aid came entirely from budget support (up $280 mn) and aid to the social sectors (up $432 mn, most to health), while aid to economic sectors remained constant. Aid in 2008 was 49% social sectors (including government and civil society), 24% budget support, and 16% economic sectors (including infrastructure and agriculture)
Fourteen donors gave or lent more than $50 million in 2008. In 2008 millions of dollars:
280 World Bank (IDA)
227 United States
198 United Kingdom
67 African Dev. Fund
54 Global Fund
The attached Excel file contains:
+ Two charts and a table of total aid to Mozambique, 1979-2008, excluding debt relief, done both in current prices (that is, US$ at the time) and in constant 2007$ (which gives the real value, for comparison).
+ Two tables of aid to Mozambique, excluding debt relief, by donor, 1979-2008, again one at current prices and the other at constant 2007$.
+ A table of aid to Mozambique by key sectors, 2003-2008, at constant 2007$.
Note that data come from two different sets of DAC tables, which do not agree precisely on the amount of aid.
The poor are getting poorer
Preliminary data is now available from the 2008 rural income survey (TIA, Trabalho de Inquérito Agricola, which covers 70% of the population). The attached paper gives more details, but three points are important to note:
+ Most rural Mozambicans have a cash income of less than $1 per week. The poorest 10% have no cash income at all, while the best off 10% have a cash income of more than $3 per day.
+ Most rural Mozambicans were poorer in 2008 than in 2002.
+ From 2002 to 2008, mean total income increased while median total income fell – in other words, most people became poorer but the best off became richer. The total income of the richest 10% is 44 times that of the poorest 10% (up from only 23 times in 2002 and 35 times in 2005)
MOZAMBIQUE 156 News reports & clippings, 22 February 2010, by Joseph Hanlon